Kermes Oak / بلوط / سِنديان /

بَلْخ / قِرْمِز /

Quercus coccifera L.

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Edibility and usage

Edible part
  • Acorns
  • Grinded
  • Roasted
Blooming period
February to April
Foraging period
September to October
Seed collection period
September to December
Potential medicinal uses
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Hepatic
  • Hypotensive
  • Nervine
  • Tonic
  • Vulnerary


Petal colour
  • Green
Leaf type
  • Entire
Life form
  • Phanerophyte shrub
  • Tree

Scientifc data

Wikidata item
Quercus coccifera L. (2879175)
Conservation status (IUCN)
Least concern


  1. Sattout E., Zahreddine H. (2013). Native Trees of Lebanon and Neighboring Countries: A Guidebook for Professionals and Amateurs. Beirut: Notre Dame University - Louaize Press.
  2. Quercus coccifera L. in GBIF Secretariat (2021). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2022-03-23.
  3. عراف، شكري. النباتات في الكتاب المقدس. عكا: مركز الدراسات القروية، 2009.
  4. Temple, Augusta A. Flowers & Trees of Palestine. Society for promoting Christian knowledge, 1929.
  5. Crowfoot, Grace Mary Hood. From Cedar to Hyssop; a Study in the Folklore of Plants in Palestine. London, Sheldon Press; New York and Toronto, The Macmillan Co., 1932.
  6. Fernley-Pearson, Thomas. Agroforestry for Palestine. Bustan Qaraaqa Publications, 2010.
  7. Ali-Shtayeh, Mohammed S., Rana M. Jamous, Jehan H. Al-Shafie’, Wafa’ A. Elgharabah, Fatemah A. Kherfan, Kifayeh H. Qarariah, Isra’ S. Khdair, et al. “Traditional Knowledge of Wild Edible Plants Used in Palestine (Northern West Bank): A Comparative Study.”
  8. Zohary, Michael. “A Vegetation Map of Western Palestine.” The Journal of Ecology, 1947, 1–19.
  9. Zohary, Michael. Flora Palaestina. Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, 1972.
  10. Dallman, Peter R. Plant Life in the World’s Mediterranean Climates: California, Chile, South Africa, Australia, and the Mediterranean Basin. University of California Press, 1998.
  11. عراف، ش.،عمر،ر.،اسعد، ص.(1995).مساهمة في دراسة نباتات البلاد(الحلقة الاولى).ترشيحا:مركز الدراسات القروية.(عربي)


Quercus coccifera L. in Barari platform (2024). Barari Flora Taxonomy. accessed via on 3/5/2024.

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